Your Toddler

Tips For Raising A Toddler

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Need help with your toddler? Here’s an easy guide with nine tips containing common mistakes and helpful remedies.

1. Be Consistent. Toddlers do best when they know what to expect, whether it's what time they bathe or go to bed or what consequences they'll face for misbehaving. The more consistent and predictable things are, the more resilient and agreeable a toddler is likely to be. Fix it: As much as you can, keep regular routines for your child. Consistency can be a challenge when parents (or other caregivers) don't see eye to eye. Not sure how best to react if your child dumps food on the floor or ignores bedtime? Sit down with your partner ahead of time to decide on an appropriate response -- and stick with it. "You don't want to send mixed messages," says Tanya Remer Altmann, MD, the author of Mommy Calls: Dr. Tanya Answers Parents' Top 101 Questions about Babies and Toddlers and a pediatrician in private practice in Los Angeles. "You really want to be consistent." 2. Focus on Family Time It's delightful to spend time with the whole family. But some parents go overboard on family time. "Kids cherish time alone time with one parent," says Thomas Phelan, PhD, a clinical psychologist in suburban Chicago and the author of several parenting books, including 1-2-3 Magic. "One-on-one time is fun for parents too, because there's no sibling rivalry to contend with." Fix it: What's a good way to spend one-on-one time with a toddler? Phelan recommends simply getting down on the floor together and playing. 3. Offering Too Much Help Some parents jump in to help a toddler who is having trouble doing something. Before you do, consider the possibility that by helping your child complete a puzzle or put on a shirt, you may be sending the message that he/she can't do it alone -- in other words, that the child is incompetent. "Parents who offer too much help may be sabotaging their young children's ability to become self-reliant," says Betsy Brown Braun, the Los-Angeles-based author of You're Not the Boss of Me. Fix it: "We need to teach children to tolerate struggle," Braun says. Of course, there's nothing wrong with offering praise and encouragement. "Be a cheerleader," Brown says. "Say, 'You can do this!'" 4. Talking Too Much Talking with toddlers is usually a terrific idea. But not when it's time to rein in errant behavior. Imagine a mom has just said "no" to her 2-year-old's request for a cookie. The child fusses. Mom explains that it's suppertime. The child grabs a cookie anyway. Mom takes it away, and tries again to explain herself to her now tearful child. Back and forth it goes, with mounting frustration on both sides. "Talking can lead to what I call the talk-persuade-argue-yell-hit pattern," Phelan says. "Toddlers are not adults in a little body. They're not logical, and they just can't assimilate what you are saying to them." Fix it: What's the smart way to lay down the law? Once you tell your toddler to do something, Phelan says, don't talk about it or make eye contact. If the child disobeys, give a brief verbal warning or count to three. If the child refuses to toe the line, give a time-out or another immediate consequence. No explaining! 5. Avoid Only Kiddie Food Does your toddler seem to eat nothing but chicken fingers and fries? Are goldfish crackers the only fish he or she eats? As some parents realize too late, toddlers fed a steady diet of nutritionally iffy kid's foods may resist eating anything else. Fix it: Encourage your child to try "grown-up" fare. "A good percentage of kids are willing to try a new food if they see mommy and daddy enjoying it," Altmann says. "If they push back, keep putting it on their plate. Some kids need to try things a dozen or more times before they take to it." Her advice:  As long as there's something your child can eat on the plate, don't worry. Do not allow yourself to become your child's short-order cook. 6. Getting Rid of the Crib Cribs do more than keep little ones safe. They promote good sleep habits. A toddler moved too soon into a "real" bed may have trouble staying in bed or falling asleep, and so may end up climbing into bed with mommy and daddy. "Some moms wear themselves out because they have to lie down with their child every night," Altmann says. "They don't realize they're the ones who set the pattern." Fix it: When is it time to get rid of the crib? When your child asks for a bed or starts climbing out of the crib. For most kids, that comes between the ages of 2 and 3. 7. Potty Training Some parents cajole their children into using the toilet when they think it's time -- and issue harsh reprimands when things go awry. That can lead to a power struggle. Fix it: "Children learn to use the toilet when they're ready," Altmann says. "The process shouldn't be rushed." But you can set the stage. Show your toddler the toilet. Explain its use. If you feel comfortable doing so, let your child watch you use the toilet -- and offer praise if he or she gives it a whirl. 8. Too Much TV Time Toddlers who watch lots of TV often have more trouble learning later on. And studies suggest that kids under the age of 2 can't really take in what's being displayed on TV and computer screens. Fix it: Keep your toddler busy with reading and other, more creative pursuits. Have conversations-and encourage talking as well as listening. "The longer you can hold off exposing your child to TV, the better," Altmann says. 9. Trying to Stop a Tantrum Some parents worry that an out-of-control child makes them seem like ineffectual parents. But all toddlers have tantrums. When they do, it's pointless to try to talk them out of it -- even if the drama is unfolding in front of company or in a public place. "When we are in public and dealing with a child, we feel judged," Braun says. "We feel like there is a neon sign over our heads saying we are incompetent parents." Fix it: Braun says parents must remember that the child matters more than the opinions of other people -- especially strangers.

Your Toddler

Update: McNeil Product Recall

The latest information on the NcNeil product recall which includes Tylenol and Motrin.I received an email update from McNeil Consumer Healthcare in reference to the liquid Tylenol, Motrin, Zyrtec and Benadryl recalls that occurred earlier this spring.  

As you are all well aware, these name brand products have been recalled due to “quality control" issues within the McNeil production facilities in Pennsylvania that produced all of these children’s medications.  Due to this, McNeil announced “we do not anticipate having sources of supply for most of these medicines before the end of the year.” Despite the recall of these products, there are generic versions of all of these medications,  Tylenol (acetaminophen), Motrin (ibuprofen), Zyrtec (cetirizine), Benadryl (diphenyhdramine) available. For a few weeks I heard from patients that the pharmacy aisles were empty and that they could not find generic version of the drugs. This seemed especially true of the fever and pain reducing medications, acetaminophen and ibuprofen. It is especially important to make sure that you are buying the age appropriate generic products and that you read the dosing guidelines for all of these medications , as infant’s concentrated drops are different from children’s liquid suspensions. Several parents brought products to my office and actually had purchased inappropriate products for their children’s age. Remember to dose your children’s OTC medications based on their weight rather than age, and get a dosing chart from your pediatrician to have handy. With summer viral season in full swing and those pesky enteroviral infections causing a lot of fevers it is important to re-iterate appropriate fever control.  I always prefer to begin fever control with an acetaminophen product, especially in infant’s. Acetaminophen is given every 4 hours. Ibuprofen may also be used to control fevers and make your child more comfortable, but it should be used in older infants and children, especially in those who’s fever does not respond to acetaminophen. Ibuprofen is given at  every 6 hour intervals. So, this update was a good reminder that generic products are comparable and are available for the recalled McNeil products. Don’t look for any new McNeil products until the New Year, so throw out those coupons that expire before year end! That's your daily dose for today.  We'll chat again tomorrow. Send your question or comment to Dr. Sue now!

Your Toddler

Potty Training

If you ask 10 parents how they potty trained their child, you will most likely get 10 different answers. “Potty training isn’t one diaper fits all and it doesn’t work in one day,” says pediatrician Dr. Sue Hubbard, co-host of The Kid’s Doctor radio show. “When your child is ready, there are signs they are ready.” Those signs, she says, include showing interest in the potty and going to the potty several times successfully. “Start at 18 months and buy a potty, put it in the bathroom and let the child touch it, sit on it, play with it, carry it around the house, whatever, to be involved in the bathroom.”

By age two, a child may use the potty on occasion and then, Dr. Sue says, you can put them in training pants, not “pull-ups.” “Pull-ups are diapers with legs. The child does not understand the difference. They don’t get wet, they don’t have that sense of feeling dirty,” she emphasizes. It can take anywhere from three to six months for your child to become potty trained. During that time it is important for parents to praise and reward their children for their efforts, but do not punish them if they have a relapse or accident. “Parents need to recognize there is a commitment parents must make in order to make this successful,” says Dallas-based child neuropsychologist Dr. Kristy Hagar. Dr. Hubbard concurs saying “Parents need to use declarative statements like ‘It’s time to go potty Susie’ not ‘Do you need to go?’” Both Dr. Hubbard and Dr. Hagar offer some final pieces of advice for parents: Realize that every child is different and if you are in the middle of potty training, don’t give up.

Your Toddler

Does TV-Time Hurt Toddler’s Chance for Success?

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Many child health experts recommend that parents not allow their children, if they are 2 years old and younger, to watch any television. The reason is that this is a critical time for brain development and watching TV gets in the way of a child’s exploration, problem solving, playing and interacting with parents and others. Without real life stimulation, a child’s brain doesn’t get the chance it needs to develop in normal and healthy ways.

A new study now looks at how toddler TV-time may impact their first foray into the educational system.

The Canadian researchers examined how the TV-viewing habits of about 2,000 children in Quebec at the age of 29 months affected them once they started kindergarten.

Every hourly increase in daily TV viewing over the recommended two-hour limit at the younger age was associated with poorer vocabulary, math skills and attention; reduced physical abilities; and an increased risk of being picked on by classmates when the children started kindergarten.

"[The findings] suggest the need for better parental awareness and compliance with existing viewing recommendations put forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics," study author Linda Pagani, a professor at the University of Montreal, said in a university news release.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that kids under 2 years old not watch any TV and that those older than 2 watch no more than 1 to 2 hours a day of quality programming.


Some parents may believe that kindergarten isn’t real school, but that it’s more of a pre-school adjustment period where kids get used to being in classrooms and learning very basic education skills. That’s true to a certain extent, however, kids need and deserve all the developmental advantages they can get as they begin their very important school years.

Although the study reported an association between more TV time and poorer skills in school, it did not establish a direct cause-and-effect relationship. Study data and conclusions also typically are considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed medical journal.

Most likely your child’s future will include more media options than anyone can imagine today. Experts are already talking about the brain drain that too much multi-tasking and media surfing are having on older kids and adults. So give your little one a media free environment for at least his or her first two years of life. Let them explore the world by touching, smelling, seeing and hearing the wonders around them. There will be plenty of TV time in the future.




Your Toddler

FDA Advisory Hearings: Food Dyes & ADHD

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Is there a connection between food dyes and ADHD in children? Some evidence suggest there may be, but an FDA advisory committee wants more research before forcing companies to remove the additives. The battle between opponents of food additives and the FDA has raged on for over 30 years. For years, some parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have believed there is a connection between artificial dyes in food, and their child’s behavior.  Now, the Food and Drug Administration is beginning to take a more serious look at the link between the two. Although the FDA says there is insufficient evidence to support a connection between side effects of the dyes and ADHD, they may be more open to the idea that more research is needed. An FDA advisory committee has been hearing testimony on food dyes and how they may cause some children to exhibit hyperactivity behavior. But the main questions the committee seems to want answered are: Is there enough evidence to make a solid connection between the dyes and hyperactivity? And, if it appears there is, should the FDA strengthen its regulations on these dyes?  So far the committee seems to be saying “Not just yet.” There are 8 dyes currently in use in the United States; Citrus Red 2, Red 3, Red 40, Blue 1&2, Green 3and Yellow 5&6. Experts who have testified before the committee hearings have said European companies are dropping the dyes and substituting natural colorings for them. The United States still allows artificial dyes - not for the taste, but for their pleasing appearance. Michael Jacobson, executive director of the Center for Science and the Public Interest – a watchdog group on nutrition and food safety - asks,  “Why are these dyes in these foods anyway?”  His group and other critics believe artificial food colorings should be banned completely. “I would push for having them taken out completely. But if that can’t be done, why not warn the public and parents that these dyes could have some effects?” The food dye controversy has been around for quite some time. In 1975 Dr. Benjamin Feingold’s book, “Why Your Child Is Hyperactive” connected food dyes and additives with hyperactivity in children. The Feingold Diet developed around these observations, and Feingold suggested that by removing these additives from a child’s diet, parents would see a decline in hyperactivity behaviors. The book became a favorite of proponents who want food additives removed, but reviews of the data found that the correlation between food dyes and hyperactivity was not consistent. More recent studies conducted in 2007 and 2010 at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom, have been able to show a connection between artificial dyes - along with sodium benzoate (a salt used as a preservative) – and increased ADHD symptoms in some children, even ones who had not been diagnosed as hyperactive. During the committee hearings, Dr. Jim Stevenson, the lead author of the studies testified; “We found mixtures of certain artificial colors together with sodium benzoate preservative in the diet increased the average level of hyperactivity in 3 and 8/9 year old children in the general population.” Parents from all over the U.S. also shared stories about their children during the committee hearings. Many talked about how they noticed a remarkable difference in their child’s behavior after they removed foods containing dyes from their diet. “To give my child an artificial dye would be child abuse!” exclaimed Maureen Lamm, a doctor and mother of three from Kennesaw, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta. “He suffers that much when he eats foods with certain dyes.” Lamm has become so involved she offers a website,, to parents to warn them about dye allergies. After lengthy discussions the committee decided that there is insufficient evidence to support the connection between artificial food colorings in food, and children with ADHD. Jason August with the FDA’s Office of Food Additive Safety said “There were other factors in most of these studies that could have been the reason or could have gone hand in hand with the dyes to create these problems in these particular children, including preservatives,” At the end of the hearings the committee asked for more research and delayed any action on artificial dyes. As an advisory committee, they only make recommendations to the FDA, but the agency usually follows those recommendations. If you notice that certain foods seem to cause hyperactivity in your child, try eliminating those foods and see if it makes a difference. Experts recommend keeping a journal of your observations to refer to. It’s also important to not be too restrictive with your child’s diet. You want to avoid nutritional deficiencies. A dieticians or your pediatrician can help you develop a healthy eating plan for your children.

Your Toddler

Pediatric Ear Infection Vaccine Shows Promise

Vaccines delivered via droplets rubbed into the skin appear to protect against ear infections say researchers.Vaccines delivered via droplets rubbed into the skin appear to protect against ear infections say researchers who tested the method on chinchillas. If the approach proves to be effective in humans, it could provide a simple, inexpensive way of preventing ear infections the researchers said. It is estimated that up to 83 percent of children in the United States will have at least one ear infection by the time they reach three years of age. The work is being done by researchers at the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. Three groups of chinchillas had droplets of the vaccines rubbed into the skin of their ears once a week for three weeks. A fourth group received a placebo. After receiving the vaccines or placebo the animals were infected with nontypeable haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), which is one of the three main bacterial causes of otitis media, an infection/inflammation of the middle ear. The animals that received the vaccines were able to very rapidly reduce or eliminate the bacteria from their nose and ears, but this wasn't the case in the animals that received the placebo. "Our data are the first to show that transcutaneous immunization is an effective way to prevent experimental ear infections and lays the foundation for an effective, yet simple, inexpensive - and potentially transformative - way to deliver vaccines," said researcher Laura Novotny in a news release. "We have designed several vaccine candidates which target proteins on the outer surface of this bacterium (NTHi). Previous work in our lab showed that after immunization by inject, each of the three vaccine candidates prevented experimental ear infections caused by NTHi. In this study, we now wanted to test an alternative but potentially equally effective method to deliver a vaccine," Novotny said.

Your Toddler

Recall: Strollers and Rumble Seats Due to Choking Hazards


UPPAbaby is recalling about 71,000 of its’ 2015 CRUZ, 2015 VISTA strollers and 2015 RumbleSeat. The strollers’ and RumbleSeats’ bumper bar poses a choking hazard when a child bites the bumper bar and removes a piece of the foam covering.

UPPAbaby has received 22 reports of children biting off a piece of the bumper bar foam. No injuries have been reported.

The strollers and rumble seats were sold at BuyBuy Baby and other juvenile product retailers nationwide and online at from December 2014 through July 2015 for about $500 for the CRUZ stroller, $860 for the VISTA stroller and $170 for the RumbleSeat.

Consumers should immediately remove and stop using the bumper bar on these recalled strollers and RumbleSeats and contact the firm to receive a free bumper bar cover and warning label.

The CRUZ strollers have an aluminum alloy grey or black frame with a black fabric toddler seat with a colored fabric sunshade canopy and a black basket under the seat. The UPPAbaby name and logo are printed on the side of the canopy and “CRUZ” is printed in white lettering on the handlebars of the stroller.

The VISTA strollers have grey or black aluminum frames, colored sunshade canopy and are made to hold one, two or up to three children. VISTA is printed in white lettering on the handlebars of the stroller and UPPAbaby is printed across the bottom diagonal rail of the stroller frame next to a black, fabric basket.

The RumbleSeat is a separate seat attachment that can be attached to the stroller frame. RumbleSeats have manufacture dates stamped on the bottom of the seat from September 2014 through May 2015. The RumbleSeat comes in various colors and allows the child to ride rear facing, forward facing or reclined.

All of the strollers and RumbleSeats have a foam bumper bar across the middle of the product for the child to hold.

The recalled stroller and rumble seat model numbers are listed online at

Consumers can also contact UPPAbaby customer service toll-free at (844) 540-8694 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET Monday through Friday, email or online at and click on Safety Notice on the lower right hand corner of the page for more information.

Your Toddler

Eliminating Egg Allergy?

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You’ll find eggs or egg protein in lots of every day food products. From baked goods to canned soups, ice cream, pasta, salad dressings, mayonnaise and more. That’s fine unless your child is allergic to eggs - then it becomes a nightmare trying to find egg-free foods.

About four-percent of U.S. children experience some type of food allergy, with egg allergy being the most common. Many children will outgrow the allergy after age 5, but some will carry the sensitivity into adulthood. Food allergy reactions can vary widely ranging from mild to death, so they are not to be taken lightly. 

A new study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that by giving children with egg allergies a small amount of egg-white powder for 10 months, their allergy was reduced or eliminated after the study period.

Dr. Wesley Burks, the lead author of the study and chairman of pediatrics at the University of North Carolina spoke with about the study’s findings. "The children were treated and then taken off treatment, the first large study to do so. Almost a third of those treated were able to come off treatment and now eat eggs in their diet."

Researchers enrolled 55 children and teens with egg allergies. Participants' families were then either given the equivalent of one-third of an egg in powder form, or a placebo, to mix into their children's food.

After 10 months, researchers gave the kids an "oral food challenge" in which they were given 5 grams of egg powder, the equivalent to one whole egg. They found that 55 percent of the children did not have an allergic reaction at that time. After 22 months, researchers gave the children two whole eggs and found that 75 percent of the children were no longer allergic. More than one-quarter of the study group was able to work egg back into their diet.

Other studies have worked with children to overcome different food allergies- such as peanuts and milk. Some of the studies have produced very good results by introducing the offending food in small doses and letting the immune system build up a tolerance. Although it may be tempting to begin this process with your own children, Burks warned parents not to try this at home.  

More trials are needed before the allergy intervention is used in widespread clinical practice. There needs to be Food and Drug Administration approval and further trials with bigger patient populations, and it could take a number of years before the intervention is seen in general practice.

"It is likely that this will eventually become an accepted clinical approach but even then it should be only done by physicians with experience in the procedure, who appreciate the dangers and have the time to carefully supervise the process," said Nelson. "This will never be an approach that should be conducted out in primary care."

Currently the only option for children or adults with food allergies is to eliminate the food completely from their diet. Researchers say this study and others like it may eventually lead to oral immunotherapy being the accepted treatment for all children who have food allergies.

Fifteen percent of food allergic individuals experience an accidental ingestion per year, said Dr. Tania Mucci, an allergist at Winthrop University Hospital in New York. While egg allergic patients would still need to be diligent, the potential for oral egg immunotherapy to decrease the risk of a severe reaction from an accidental ingestion would be extremely valuable for the patients mental and of course, physical health.

"Oral immunotherapy for food allergy, if safe and standardized, would be the Holy Grail for food allergic patients," said Mucci.

While the promise of a new treatment is hopeful for parents and guardians of children with egg allergies, at this time they should remain vigilant in eliminating eggs or egg protein products from their child’s diet.

How do you know if your child is allergic to eggs? 

Egg allergy reactions vary from person to person and usually occur soon after exposure to egg. Egg allergy symptoms can include:

- Skin inflammation or hives — the most common egg allergy reaction

- Allergic nasal inflammation (allergic rhinitis)

- Digestive (gastrointestinal) symptoms, such as cramps, nausea and vomiting

- Asthma signs and symptoms such as coughing, chest tightness or shortness of breath

A severe allergic reaction can lead to anaphylaxis, a life-threatening emergency that requires an immediate epinephrine (adrenaline) shot and a trip to the emergency room. Anaphylaxis signs and symptoms include:

- Constriction of airways, including a swollen throat or a lump in your throat that makes it difficult to breathe

- Abdominal pain and cramping

- Rapid pulse

- Shock, with a severe drop in blood pressure felt as dizziness, lightheadedness or loss of consciousness

If you suspect your child may have a food allergy, discuss any symptoms you notice with your pediatrician or family doctor. He or she will refer you to an allergist or allergy specialist for testing.


Your Toddler

Three-Year Old Girls Want To Be Thin

Then the girls were presented with nine figures, three of each body type, and they had to circle the three they'd most like to play with and one they would want as a best friend. The preschoolers were significantly more likely to choose the thin figure over the other two for a best friend. Similar results showed up for their circle of friends to play with.Think your 3 year old never gives a thought to being fat or thin?  You might be surprised.  A new study on preschoolers shows that children as young as 3 are emotionally invested to being thin.

The finding is troubling, since the pressure to be thin has been linked with a higher risk of eating disorders and depression, said Jennifer Harriger of Pepperdine University in California, who led the study. Harriger also expresses concern that a negative view of overweight people can lead to unkind behaviors. “Weight-related teasing has also been linked to a variety of negative outcomes. Given that our society is currently dealing with an obesity epidemic, this is especially concerning," While the study involved a group of 55 girls from the southwestern United States, Harriger said preliminary results from a replication of the study in Southern California suggest those girls also want to be thin. She added that studies in other US regions are warranted: "It is impossible to generalize the findings from one study to the remainder of the US population." Past research suggests that young children know about anti-fat messages, but whether they were able to internalize those ideas were unknown. In the study, children were asked to associate 12 adjectives, six positive and six negative, with 3 figures identical in every way, except their weight.  It was found that an average of 3.1 negative words and 1.2 positive words were used to describe overweight figures, compared with an average of 1.2 negative and 2.7 positive adjectives for thin figures. Then the girls were presented with nine figures, three of each body type, and they had to circle the three they'd most like to play with and one they would want as a best friend. The preschoolers were significantly more likely to choose the thin figure over the other two for a best friend. Similar results showed up for their circle of friends to play with. When presented with a couple of board games to play, the children’s emotional investment in a body-size type was measured. After each child chose a game piece, the researcher said, "Wait, I wanted to be that one! How about you be this one?" (If the child had selected a game piece with a thin or average body, the researcher asked to switch it with the fat one; if the child had chosen a fat game piece, the researcher asked to switch it with an average body.) The girls' responses were written down as: willing to switch (the child immediately said "yes" and expressed no discomfort or unhappiness); reluctant to switch (the child hesitated for more than 5 seconds, refused to make eye contact with the researcher, or looked at parent for guidance); not willing to switch (the child said "no" or shook her head no). Harriger noted some strong responses. "Interestingly, several participants were reluctant to even touch the fat game piece. For example, one child selected the thin piece as the girl she wanted to 'be' to play the game. When I presented her with the fat piece and asked her if she was willing to switch, she crinkled her nose and she reached around my hand, avoiding touching the fat piece altogether, picked up the average-size piece and said, 'No, I won't switch with you, but I will be this one instead.'" Other participants made comments such as, "I hate her, she has a fat stomach," or "She is fat. I don't want to be that one." These results, detailed online Oct. 15 in the journal Sex Roles, suggested the participants had internalized the thin ideal. Promoting a healthy body The longing to be thin is possibly being paired with strict eating or other behaviors to reach such a goal. "I think that the current research at least suggests that very young girls understand that society values thinness quite highly," said Jill Holm-Denoma, a clinical assistant professor in the department of psychology at the University of Denver. Holm-Denoma, who was not involved in the study, adds that research has shown some girls are dieting by age 6 to control their weight. To keep kids healthy on the inside and out, here are some tips Holm-Denoma offers for parents and teachers from researchers:

  • Focus on health, not weight.
  • Eat together as a family. Research indicates that children who eat dinner with their families are less likely to suffer from eating issues.
  • Refrain from making comments about your own or others' weight or body shape.
  • Compliment children on things they do, or their personality characteristics, rather than on what they look like.
  • Limit children's exposure to mainstream media sources that emphasize thin models or put a high value on physical beauty.
  • Model healthy eating habits and exercising for your children.


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