Your Toddler

Dressers Recalled After Two Toddlers Die

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The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), in cooperation with Bexco Enterprises Inc., doing business as “ Million Dollar Baby” of Montebello, Calif. is announcing a voluntary recall of 18,000 children’s four-drawer dressers.

When a young child climbs up on open dresser drawers, the dresser becomes unstable and poses the risk of tip over and entrapment.

CPSC and Million Dollar Baby have received two reports of deaths associated with these dressers. An 11-month-old boy from Tulsa, Okla. and a 20-month-old girl from Camarillo, Calif. were reported to have suffocated when their dressers tipped over, entrapping them between the dresser and the floor. The cause of the deaths has not been determined.

This voluntary recall involves “Emily” style four-drawer dressers with model numbers M4712, M4722, M4732 and M4742 and similar “Ryan” dressers with the model M4733.

The dressers were sold in five finishes: Cherry, Ebony, Espresso, Honey Oak and White. The model number, “Million Dollar Baby” and “MADE IN TAIWAN” are printed on a label located on the back of the dresser.

The recalled dresser measures 33-inches high by 20-inches deep by 40-inches wide and is a part of the Da Vinci children’s bedroom furniture collection. The dressers are made from pine and wood composite. 

The recalled dressers were sold at JC Penney and independent juvenile specialty stores nationwide and online at Amazon.com, BabiesRUs.com, BabyUniverse.com and other online retailers from January 2006 through June 2010 for between $230 and $300. 

The Million Dollar Baby dressers met applicable voluntary standards when first produced, but a May 2009 voluntary industry standard, and subsequent revisions published in October 2009 and November 2009, requires that tip-over restraints be sold with the dressers.

The restraints attach to a wall, framing or other support to help prevent dresser tip-over entrapment hazards to young children. Million Dollar Baby is offering free retrofit kits with tip-over restraints to consumers who have older dressers. Included in the kit is an adhesive warning label that consumers are to attach to the dresser, which describes how to prevent tip-over injuries.

The dressers were manufactured in Taiwan and the USA. 

Consumers should immediately stop using and keep the dresser out of a child’s reach.

Consumers can contact Million Dollar Baby to receive a free retrofit kit that contains a wall anchor strap, which attaches to the dresser and wall to help prevent the dresser from tipping. The kits can be ordered by visiting the firm’s website at www.themdbfamily.com/safety2 and click on Safety HQ or call toll-free at (888) 673-6652 between 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m. PT Monday through Friday.

Source: http://www.cpsc.gov/en/Recalls/2013/Million-Dollar-Baby-Dressers

 Million Dollar Dresser "Emily"Million Dollar Baby "Ryan" dresser

Your Toddler

Seven Tips For Toddler Discipline

2.15 to read

Toddler-hood is a particularly vexing time for parents because this is the age at which children start to become more independent and discover themselves as individuals. Yet they still have a limited ability to communicate and reason. "They understand that their actions matter -- they can make things happen," says Claire Lerner, LCSW-C, child development specialist and director of parenting resources for the organization Zero to Three. "This leads them to want to make their imprint on the world and assert themselves in a way they didn't when they were a baby. The problem is they have very little self-control and they're not rational thinkers. It's a very challenging combination." So how do you deal with a child who screams every time you try to give him or her a bath, and whose vocabulary seems to consist of just one word -- "no"? Here are a few simple toddler discipline strategies to help make life easier for both you and your child. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 1: Be Consistent Order and routine give young children a safe haven from what they view as an overwhelming and unpredictable world, says Lerner. "When there's some predictability and routine, it makes children feel much more safe and secure, and they tend to be much more behaved and calm because they know what to expect." Try to keep to the same schedule every day. That means having consistent nap times, mealtimes, and bedtimes, as well as times when your toddler is free to just run around and have fun. When you do have to make a change, it helps to warn your child in advance. Telling your child, "Aunt Jean is going to watch you tonight while Mommy and Daddy go out for a little bit" will prepare her for a slightly different routine, and will hopefully prevent a scene at bedtime. Consistency is also important when it comes to discipline. When you say "no hitting" the first time your child smacks another child on the playground, you also need to say "no hitting" the second, third, and fourth times your child does it. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 2: Avoid Stressful Situations By the time children reach the toddler stage, you've spent enough time with them to know their triggers. The most common ones are hunger, sleepiness, and quick changes of venue. With a little advance planning, you can avoid these potential meltdown scenarios and keep things relatively calm. "You have to anticipate, which means you don't go to the grocery store when your child needs a nap," says Lisa Asta, MD, a pediatrician in Walnut Creek, Calif., and associate clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco. Try to make sure your child is home at naptimes, bedtimes, and mealtimes. If you are out, always keep food on hand in case of a sudden hunger attack. Keep excursions short (that means finding another restaurant if the one you've chosen has an hour-long wait, or doing your grocery shopping at times when the lines are shortest). Finally, plan ahead so you don't have to rush (particularly when you need to get your child to preschool and yourself to work in the mornings). You can ease transitions by involving your child in the process. That can be as simple as setting an egg timer for five minutes, and saying that when it rings it's time to take a bath or get dressed, or giving your child a choice of whether to wear the red shirt or the blue shirt to school. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 3: Think Like a Toddler Toddlers aren't mini-adults. They have trouble understanding many of the things we take for granted, like how to follow directions and behave appropriately. Seeing the scenario from a toddler's perspective can help prevent a tantrum. "You might say, 'I know, Derek, you don't like getting into the car seat ... but it's what we have to do,'" Lerner explains. "So you're not coddling, but you're validating their feelings. You have to set the limit, but you do it in a way that respects the child and you use it as an opportunity to help them learn to cope with life's frustrations and rules and regulations." Giving choices also shows that you respect your toddler and recognize the child's feelings. Asking your child if he or she wants to bring a favorite book in the car, or take along a snack, can make the child feel as though he or she has some control over the situation while you remain in charge, Lerner says. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 4: Practice the Art of Distraction Make your toddler's short attention span work for you. When your child throws the ball against the dining room wall for the 10th time after you've said to stop, it's pretty easy to redirect your child to a more productive activity, like trading the ball for a favorite book or moving the game outside. "Parents need to create an environment that is most conducive to good toddler behavior," advises Rex Forehand, PhD, the Heinz and Rowena Ansbacher Professor of Psychology at the University of Vermont and author of Parenting the Strong-Willed Child. "If they're into something they're not supposed to do, the idea is not to punish them but to get another activity going or pick them up and put them in another room." Toddler Discipline Secret No. 5: Give Your Child a Break Time-outs are one of the foundations of child discipline, but they may not be the best approach for the toddler stage. The negative implication of being sent away can teach kids that they're bad, rather than promote good behavior. If you do give your child a time-out, limit it to just a minute or two at this age. Instead of calling it a time-out, which can be confusing to children under 3, refer to it as something more positive. Lerner suggests creating a "cozy corner," a safe place, free from distractions and stimulation, where your child can just chill out for a few minutes until he or she can get back in control. That time away can help you regroup, as well. Correct bad behaviors, but also take the time to praise good behaviors. "If you don't tell your child when they're doing the right thing, sometimes they'll do the wrong thing just to get attention," Asta says. When you tell your toddler he or she has done something good, there's a good chance your child will want to do it again. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 6: Stay Calm When you're standing in the middle of the mall, looking down at your child who's screaming on the floor, and trying to ignore the stares of the shoppers around you, it's easy for your blood pressure to reach the boiling point. It's hard to stay calm, but losing control will quickly escalate an already stressful situation. Give yourself some time to cool off, advises Forehand. "Otherwise, you're venting your own anger. In the end that's going to make you as a parent feel worse and guilty, and it's not going to do your child any good." "I call it the "Stepford Wife" approach," Lerner says. As your child screams, say, 'I know, I know,' but stay completely calm as you pick him up. Don't show any emotion. Sometimes the best tactic is to ignore the behavior entirely. "You just literally act like they're not doing what they're doing. You ignore the behavior you want to stop," Lerner says. When your child realizes that his screaming fit is not going to get him a second lollipop or your attention, eventually he'll get tired of yelling. Your child may drive you so close to the breaking point that you're tempted to spank him, but most experts warn against the practice. "When we spank, kids learn that physical punishment is acceptable. And so we are modeling exactly what we don't want our kids to do," says Forehand. At the toddler stage, redirection and brief breaks are far more effective discipline tactics, Forehand says. Toddler Discipline Secret No. 7: Know When to Give In Certain things in a toddler's life are nonnegotiable. She has to eat, brush her teeth, and ride in a car seat. She also has to take baths once in a while. Hitting and biting are never OK. But many other issues aren't worth the headache of an argument. Pick your battles. "You have to decide whether it's worth fighting about, and about half the time it's not worth fighting about," Asta says. That means it's OK to let your son wear his superhero costume to the grocery store, or read The Giving Tree 10 times in a row. Once he gets what he wants, you can gradually get him to shift in another direction -- like wearing another outfit or picking out a different book to read. Finally, know that it's OK to feel stressed out by your toddler sometimes. "Realize that none of us as parents is perfect -- we do the best we can. There are going to be days that we're better at this than other days," Forehand says. "But if we parent consistently and have consistent rules, then we're going to see more good days than bad days."

Your Toddler

Study: Preschool Obesity Rate Stable at 1 in 7

New government research shows that the U.S. obesity epidemic has stabilized in the past five years among preschool-aged children at about one in seven children being obese. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 14.6 percent of 2- to 4-year-old children were obese in 2008, about the same as in 2003 and compared to a 12.4 percent obesity rate in 1998.

"These new data provide some encouragement but remind us of two things -- one, too many young children are obese, and two, we must not become complacent in our efforts to reduce obesity among young children," said Dr. William Dietz, director of the CDC's Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. Childhood obesity is known to increase the risks of developing chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life, and it can often lead to adult obesity. The CDC surveyed some 2 million children. Researchers defined obesity as having a body mass index, which is a measure of height and weight, that ranked at or above the 95th percentile on growth charts. American Indians and Alaska Natives were the only racial or ethnic group where the proportion of obese children rose between 2003 to 2008 -- rising about one-half percent per year in each group to 21.2 percent. Hispanic preschoolers had the next-highest obesity rate in 2008 at 18.5 percent, with 12.6 percent of young white children and 11.8 percent of black children considered obese. Study author Dr. Andrea Sharma, a CDC epidemiologist, said reducing obesity rates required "policy changes that promote physical activity and good nutrition." She urged "greater consumption of water and fruits and vegetables and lower consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and foods high in fats or added sugars."

Your Toddler

Have A Fun And Safe July Fourth!

2.00 to read

July Fourth is a great holiday for celebrating with family and friends. Make sure your precious time together is a safe one!Celebrating the Fourth of July is a time honored tradition. All across the country families and friends will be gathering to bar-b-cue, trade tall-tales, and watch fireworks.  As you gear up for your Fourth of July bash, we’ve got several tips to help your family stay safe.

Preventing Fireworks Accidents The safest way to enjoy fireworks is to attend a public fireworks display. But if you decide to hold your own mini-celebration make sure your child doesn’t become another accident statistic. First, make sure you know the local laws regarding fireworks. Some states ban all consumer fireworks, while certain cities have their own laws prohibiting certain types of consumer fireworks. Don't assume your municipality or state allows the use of consumer fireworks you purchased elsewhere. And take note, the Consumer Product Safety Commission has banned some fireworks – including cherry bombs and M-80s – from public sale anywhere in the United States. Maintain a "hands-off" policy for children. Even if consumer fireworks are legal in your area, make sure your children know only adults should handle them. Even sparklers, which adults often overlook, can inflict painful and disfiguring burns. Educate your children. Because you can't control the behavior of your children's playmates, ask your kids to leave a celebration if their friends disregard the "adults-only" policy. Teach them to "stop, drop and roll" if their clothes catch fire. Make sure they know how to call emergency services in your area, and show them how to put out fireworks with water or a fire extinguisher. Be prepared. Never ignite fireworks inside. Before you begin, select a smooth, flat surface away from the house, dry leaves and other flammable materials. Have a bucket of water or a fire extinguisher nearby. Read and carefully follow all safety and lighting instructions. Maintain a long-distance relationship. You can minimize the risk of injuring yourself and others by making sure spectators are well out of range before you light fireworks, and by never: - Carrying fireworks in your pocket. - Throwing fireworks at anyone. - Placing any body part over fireworks. - Trying to re-light fireworks that malfunction. - Mixing alcohol consumption with fireworks displays. - Using homemade fireworks or explosives. Food safety Backyard bar-b-cues are a lot of fun as long as you follow food safety guidelines. Keep meat and poultry refrigerated until ready to use. Only take out the meat and poultry that will immediately be placed on the grill. When using a cooler, keep it out of the direct sun by placing it in the shade or shelter. Avoid opening the lid too often, which lets cold air out and warm air in. Pack beverages in one cooler and perishables in a separate cooler. Marinades Marinate food in the refrigerator, not on the counter. Poultry and cubed meat or stew meat can be marinated up to 2 days. Beef, veal, pork, and lamb roasts, chops, and steaks may be marinated up to 5 days. If some of the marinade is to be used as a sauce on the cooked food, reserve a portion of the marinade before putting raw meat and poultry in it. However, if the marinade used on raw meat or poultry is to be reused, make sure to let it come to a boil first to destroy any harmful bacteria. Thawing Foods Completely thaw meat and poultry before grilling so it cooks more evenly. Use the refrigerator for slow, safe thawing or thaw sealed packages in cold water. For quicker thawing, you can microwave defrost if the food will be placed immediately on the grill. Transporting When carrying food to another location, keep it cold to minimize bacterial growth. Use an insulated cooler with sufficient ice or ice packs to keep the food at 40 °F or below. Pack food right from the refrigerator into the cooler immediately before leaving home. Keep Cold Food Cold Keep meat and poultry refrigerated until ready to use. Only take out the meat and poultry that will immediately be placed on the grill. When using a cooler, keep it out of the direct sun by placing it in the shade or shelter. Avoid opening the lid too often, which lets cold air out and warm air in. Pack beverages in one cooler and perishables in a separate cooler. Keep Everything Clean Be sure there are plenty of clean utensils and platters. To prevent food-borne illness, don’t use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat and poultry. Harmful bacteria present in raw meat and poultry and their juices can contaminate safely cooked food. If you’re eating away from home, find out if there’s a source of clean water. If not, bring water for preparation and cleaning. Or pack clean cloths, and moist towelettes for cleaning surfaces and hands. July Fourth can be a wonderful holiday full of great food, laughs, and activities. Have a blast and make it a safe one!

Your Toddler

1 in 5 Preschoolers Obese

A new study shows that the obesity rate in children continues to increase; almost one in five American 4-year-olds is obese. The study, conducted by researchers at Ohio State University and Temple University, also shows that the obesity rate is alarmingly higher among American Indian children, with nearly a third of them obese.

Overall, more than half a million 4-year-olds are obese. Obesity is more common in Hispanic and black children too, but the disparity is most startling in American Indians, whose rate is almost double that of whites. The lead author said that rate is worrisome among children so young, even in a population at higher risk for obesity because of other health problems and economic disadvantages. "The magnitude of these differences was larger than we expected, as it was surprising to see differences by racial groups present so early in childhood," said Sarah Anderson an Ohio State University public health researcher. Dr. Glen Flores, a pediatrics and public health professor at the University of Texas Southwester Medical Center in Dallas who was not involved in the study, said the research is an important contribution to studies documenting racial and ethnic disparities in children's weight. "The cumulative evidence is alarming because within just a few decades, America will become a 'minority majority' nation," he said. With interventions, the next generation "will be at very high risk" for heart disease, high blood pressure, cancers, joint diseases and other problems connected with obesity," said Flores.

Your Toddler

Recall: “Softimals” Toy Sets

1.30 to read

Name of product: Building Toy Playsets

Infinitoy Inc. is recalling the Super Safari Set model #30025 and the Deluxe Circus Train Set model #30040. The model number can be found on the back of the box in the lower right corner. The sets come in a white box with “Softimals., “Build, Play, Repeat,” and “Ages 1 ½ to 5,” printed in a colorful font on the front and back of the package. The sets have numerous plastic pieces that can be connected and fit together to build a vehicle pulling cars with a hippo, giraffe, zebra and other animals. The drivers of the lead vehicles, Safari Sam and Mighty Mike, have removable blue or yellow plastic hats.  

Hazard: The plastic hats found on play set figures pose a choking/aspiration hazard for children.

Incidents/Injuries: CPSC is aware of one incident in which an 18-month-old child placed a hat in their mouth and started to gag/choke but the toy was removed. No injuries have been reported.

This product was sold at specialty toy stores nationwide and online at Amazon.com and Mindware.com from September 2012 to September 2013 for about $25 and $40. 

Consumer Contact: Infinitoy, Inc. toll-free at (888) 558-0933 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. PT Monday through Friday, or online at www.infinitoy.com , then click on Safety/Recall at the bottom of the page for more information. 

About 7,134 units are being recalled.

Source: http://www.cpsc.gov/en/Recalls/2014/Infinitoy-Recalls-Softimals-Toy-Sets

 

Your Toddler

Iron Deficiency in Newborns

Babies at the higher end of the low-birth-weight spectrum are at risk of iron deficiency, and should get iron supplements, according to a Swedish study published Monday in Pediatrics.For years iron supplements have been given to low weight babies to reduce the long term effects of too little iron in the baby’s blood. A new Swedish study suggests that babies born in the mid-weight range can also benefit from iron supplementation.

Babies at the higher end of the low-birth-weight spectrum are at risk of iron deficiency, and should get iron supplements, according to a Swedish study published Monday in Pediatrics. These "marginally" low-birth-weight infants tip the scales at 4 pounds, 6-8 ounces when born. They represent a large percentage of newborns; for example, 5 percent of babies born in the US every year are in the marginally low-birth-weight range. While iron supplements are recommended for all low-birth-weight babies, these recommendations aren't always followed for the infants who fall into the marginal range, Dr. Magnus Domellof of Umea University in Sweden told Reuters Health. There is "large variation between different clinics and different hospitals, and there is a lack of guidelines." Iron deficiency can have a serious impact on a child’s neurological development, but giving too much iron may also be harmful. To investigate the effects of iron supplementation, Dr. Domellof and his colleagues randomly assigned 285 healthy, marginally low-birth-weight babies to receive either a placebo, or 1 milligram of iron per kilogram of body weight, or 2 milligrams of iron per kilogram, every day between 6 weeks and 6 months of age. At six months, the researchers found, 36 percent of children in the placebo group were iron deficient, compared to only 8 percent of the 1-mg group and 4 percent of the 2-mg group. The most severe deficiency, or anemia, was seen in 10 percent of the group given only the placebo. Eighteen percent of the exclusively breastfed babies in the placebo group had iron deficiency anemia. Dr. Domellof and his colleagues saw no adverse effects of iron supplementation in any of the infants. Full-term, healthy babies born to well-nourished mothers have adequate stores of iron in their bodies to carry them through their first 6 months of life. For this reason, they can thrive on breast milk, which contains very little iron, and then begin eating iron-rich solid foods at 6 months of age. But smaller babies have lower reserves, and need to start iron supplementation earlier. Based on the findings, the researchers conclude that marginally low-birth-weight infants should receive iron supplements from 6 weeks to 6 months of age. Dr. Domellof, and his colleagues, plan to follow the children up to age seven to determine whether iron deficiency -- or iron supplementation -- has long-term effects on health and development. Parents should discuss iron deficiency with their Pediatrician before starting their baby on an iron supplementation program.

Your Toddler

Rashes Prompt Warning over Baby Clothing

A warning has been issued to parents about Carter's Inc. your-baby garments with tag-less labels.A warning has been issued to parents about Carter's Inc. your-baby garments with tag-less labels after about 400 children developed rashes on their backs after wearing the clothes. The warning applies to about 110 million garments from the fall 2007 line according to Carter's. The affected clothing includes knit items such as body suits, shirts and PJs. According to the Consumer Products Safety Commission, the clothes were made in various foreign countries and were sold at Carter's retail stores and a department and national chain stores.

The CPSC advises that children should stop using these garments if they develop a rash. More Information: Carter's Inc. More Information: Consumer Product Safety Commission

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Your Toddler

Falling TV Sets Can Be Deadly for Small Children

2.00 to read

The holidays are filled with joy, family, friends and presents. A popular present many families give themselves is a new TV. The old TV is sometimes regulated to the bedroom or guest room. While many of the newer models are lighter than the older ones, they can still crush a young child. Too often these TVs are not anchored well and sit on an eye-level stand.

A new report issued by The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) notes that 43,000 people have been injured by falling TV sets, with 59% of injuries being children.

CPSC urges parents of young children, to anchor their TV sets properly to help prevent these injuries. "We know that low-cost anchoring devices are effective in preventing tip-over incidents. I urge parents to anchor their TVs, furniture and appliances and protect their children. It takes just a few minutes to do and it can save lives," said CPSC Chairman Inez Tenenbaum.

Between 2000 and 2011, 349 people were killed due to TVs or furniture falling on them. Sadly 84 % of those deaths were children younger than 9 years old. Many of the injuries were caused when the television set fell directly on the child’s head.

Public education had helped lower these statistics over the years, but the numbers in 2011 showed a sharp increase. In 2009 there were 27 deaths reported, in 2010 the number was slighter higher at 31 deaths and in 2011 the numbers jumped to 41. The size of televisions are also increasing, it’s not uncommon for sets to be 60 to 80 inches wide.

Reports show that many television related fatalities occur in bedrooms rather than living rooms. Many of the older and heavier sets are put in the bedroom and not secured.

A related study published in 2002 had found that the majority of television-tipping related accidents occur when toddlers are left unsupervised around the television sets.

New furniture and televisions are exciting and we can get in a hurry setting them up – be sure to secure anything that can be pulled over onto someone. These kinds of injuries and fatalities are definitely preventable.

Source: http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/13515/20121214/tipping-television-kills-children-cpsc-report.htm#vpeoGJy55VW3PhEl.99

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DR SUE'S DAILY DOSE

Lots of discussion about using prebiotics and probiotics in your child's diet. What is the difference between the two?