Your Child

“Kid Meals” Fail Good Nutrition

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I don’t think this will come as a huge surprise to some people but many restaurant meals designed especially for kids contain way too much salt, calories and fat. What is surprising is how loaded some of these menu items really are. No caring parent wants their child to eat unhealthy foods and probably believe that a “kid’s menu” item is going to be a reasonable amount of calories and sodium. How bad can such a “smaller” meal be?

According to a study by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), pretty bad.

The CSPI has long monitored the public’s nutritional interest. They campaigned to bar sodium nitrates in bacon and other cured meats, pushed for sodium levels to be added to all food labels, obtained funding for more government food inspectors and prompted Congress to pass a law requiring notification of the presence of food allergens such as peanuts, wheat and milk on food labels to name just a few.

Now they’ve turned to restaurant kid’s menu items. The group found that among almost 3,500 combinations surveyed, kid’s meals failed to meet nutritional standards 97% of the time. That’s actually an improvement though over 2008 - when meals failed to meet standards 99% of the time. Not much of a change in 5 years.

What were some of the restaurants surveyed? Popular chains such as Chipotle Mexican Grill, Dairy Queen, Hardee's, McDonald's, Panda Express, Perkins Family Restaurants and Popeyes.

Every “kid’s meal” fell-short of nutritional recommendations adopted by the center from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

They also didn’t meet the standards set by the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell Program, said the CSPI, which titled its study, "Kids' Meals: Obesity on the Menu."

"Most chains seem stuck in a time warp, serving up the same old meals based on chicken nuggets, burgers, macaroni and cheese, fries, and soda," said Margo Wootan, CSPI nutrition policy director. "It's like the restaurant industry didn't get the memo that there's a childhood obesity crisis."

One meal singled out was Applebee’s grilled cheese sandwich on sourdough bread, fries and 2% chocolate milk- a popular choice with many children. The meal had 1,210 calories, 62 grams of fat, and 2,340 milligrams of sodium. Whew!

The combo meal had nearly three times as many calories as the CSPI's criteria for four- to- eight-year-olds suggest.

Ruby Tuesday offers a macaroni and cheese plate, white cheddar mashed potatoes and fruit punch combo. This meal comes in at 870 calories, 46 grams of fat and 1700 milligrams of sodium, Wootan said.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended that children eat no more than 2,300 milligrams of salt each day to avoid high blood pressure, which can lead to coronary disease, stroke and other ailments.

Subway restaurants were the exception with “Fresh Fit for Kids” meal combos that included apple slices with its smaller sub sandwiches and low-fat milk and water instead of soda. All eight of its children's meals met CSPI's nutrition criteria. A few other restaurant chains have begun to offer vegetables and fruit as a side instead of the traditional fries. Longhorn Steakhouse’s kid’s meals now come with a veggie or fruit choice.

The report also noted that when patrons could read the calorie count and nutritional information on the menu, they sometimes made healthier choices.

To produce its study, the CSPI looked at 50 top U.S. chain restaurants, finding 34 of them had meals designed for children and were willing to provide nutritional data. It analyzed those meals and meal combinations.

Many times parents take their child to a restaurant for dinner or lunch because of time constraints or as a family night out. It’s fun and you don’t have to wash the dishes. But parents may want to consider which restaurants are truly family friendly and check to see if the calorie, fat and sodium count are listed on the menu. It’s not only a good idea for the children but for the adults too.

Source: Diane Bartz, http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/28/us-usa-food-kids-meals-idUSBRE92R08720130328

Your Child

Setting Up a Routine for Homework

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If yours is like a lot of families, you’re just not quite ready to face the homework hurdle. But like it or not, after school assignments have arrived and helping your child get into a regular routine can actually make it easier for everyone.

Deborah Linebarger, PhD, associate professor of education at the University of Iowa, has come up with six tips to help families get back in the assignment swing of things.

Be prepared: Even if you’ve already picked up all the supplies your child needs at school, make sure the staples needed to complete assignments are also available at home. Items like pencils, erasers, folders, clips, rulers, computer paper & toner should have their own space and be ready to use if needed. This is also a good time let them set up a special place in the house where they can work undisturbed and with all the supplies they need. You may discover you have a budding interior designer with a knack for organization!

Set A Schedule: You child should do her homework at the same time every day. Many kids need a break after school for a snack and a little running around first. It's best to get homework done as early as possible -- when it drags on past dinner and toward bedtime, the work is likely to take longer and be sloppier.

Bedtime: Don’t leave homework till the last minute, make sure that it’s finished and checked at least a couple of hours before bedtime. Just like adults, children need plenty of good sleep to function well the next day. Preschoolers typically need 11-13 hours each night. Six to thirteen year olds need around 9-11 hours and teens need about 8 -10 hours a night. Make sleep a priority by having a cool, quiet and dark bedroom. Establish an appropriate bedtime for your child and stick to it. Cut off the access to computers, TVS, phones and any electronics at a minimum of an hour before it’s time for sleep. Quieting and slowing down before it’s actually time to nod off can help relax your child.

Break it down. Younger kids might get a week's worth of homework on Monday to turn in by Friday. Older children may have big responsibilities like term papers and science projects. Help them break large projects into smaller steps, and make sure they start early.

Keep up with your child’s assignments so that you’re not surprised by a last minute science project the night before it’s due!

Encourage "peer collaboration" -- to a point. It may be helpful for siblings close in age to do homework together. The older one may be proud and happy to offer help to the younger one. But if they bicker more than they cooperate, it's time for separate spaces.

What if you have a child with ADHD? As you probably already know, children with ADHD are more likely to face extra challenges with completing their homework.

He or she will need even more supervision and guidance, Linebarger says.

"Start by breaking up homework into really bite-sized amounts," she says. "For a younger child, that may be only about 10-minute increments. Expand them slowly as they show they're able to handle it." And expect that your child will need you to watch her homework efforts closely to make sure he or she stays on task.

When they gets distracted -- and they will -- encourage your boy or girl to do something physical to get back on track. "Let her jump up and run around for 5 minutes, or have him do 10 push-ups or 30 jumping jacks," Linebarger says. "Research shows that acute physical activity right before a challenging mental task helps to control behavior."

Children with ADHD often hear a lot of criticism, be sure and compliment them and encourage them when they’ve completed a difficult task.

When they manage to sit still for that 10 minutes of homework, or come home with their homework folder in order, give them lots of praise for making a great choice," Linebarger says.

It won’t be long till summer is a fond memory and the school year is just how things are. You can help your child adjust to this either new or familiar way of getting through Monday through Friday by using the tips above and finding out what adjustments may need to be made to work best for your family.

Source: Gina Shaw, http://www.webmd.com/parenting/features/back-school-homework-routine

 

Your Child

40% of Children 3 to 11 Are Exposed to Secondhand Smoke

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The good news is that exposure to secondhand smoke dropped by half in the United States between 1999 and 2012. While more and more people are giving up the unhealthy habit, the amount of children being exposed to secondhand smoke is still significant – particularly in the African-American population. 

In a recent report, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 58 million American nonsmokers are exposed to secondhand smoke.

In that group, the CDC suggests that 40 percent of children aged 3 to 11 are breathing in secondhand smoke and among black children, the number is much higher at 70 percent.

"Secondhand smoke can kill, and too many Americans -- and particularly too many children -- are still exposed to secondhand smoke," Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the CDC, said during a midday press conference.

Frieden, citing the U.S. Surgeon General, said, "There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke." Tobacco smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals including about 70 that can cause cancer, he added.

The connection of secondhand smoke and illnesses in children has been widely studied and reported. In infants and children, secondhand smoke has been linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), respiratory infections, ear infections and asthma attacks.

In adult nonsmokers, passive smoke has been tied to heart disease, stroke and lung cancer, according to Frieden.

Each year, secondhand smoke kills more than 41,000 Americans from lung cancer and heart disease, and causes 400 deaths from SIDS, Frieden said. "These deaths are entirely preventable," he added.

Susan Liss, executive director of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, said in a statement: "The high level of child exposure to secondhand smoke also underscores the need for parents to take additional steps to protect children, such as ensuring that homes, cars and other places frequented by children are smoke-free. For parents who smoke, the best step to protect children is to quit smoking."

Smoking can become such a mindless habit that parents and caregivers forget that their children are breathing in the smoke they exhale. In nonsmoking homes, it can be difficult when friends or other family members want to light up when visiting. Asking people to either step outside or not smoke in the house has caused many a friends and family rift. But, standing your ground will protect your child from the influence of smoking and the polluted air that flows from a smoker.

Most restaurants, bars and workplaces have issued smoke-free policies but one's home and auto are open to personal choice. The number of U.S. households that are now smoke-free has increased in the past 20 years from 43 percent to 83 percent and that’s truly amazing considering our long love affair with cigarettes and cigars!

However, when 1 in 4 nonsmokers – including many children-are still being exposed, it’s going to take more parents, friends and family members to put down their cigarettes for good to finally stop children and adults from suffering the disastrous effects of breathing in secondhand smoke.

Source: Steven Reinberg, http://consumer.healthday.com/kids-health-information-23/adolescents-and-teen-health-news-719/58-million-americans-exposed-to-secondhand-smoke-cdc-696149.html

Your Child

Music Improves Kids' Memory and Reading Skills

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Maybe Plato was right when he noted that music “…gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.”

A new study suggests that children who practice singing or learn an instrument are also more likely to improve in language and reading skills.

Previous research has shown a positive link between music and learning skills, but was mainly conducted on children in upper or middle class families. This new study looks at whether the same results apply to children living in impoverished and low socioeconomic neighborhoods. The present study included students from musical training programs in Chicago and Los Angeles public schools.

The findings support the idea that musical training can help any child not only benefit from the joy and discipline of musical training, but also the stimulation that the mind acquires through music.  This could prove particularly helpful to children living in difficult circumstances.

"Research has shown that there are differences in the brains of children raised in impoverished environments that affect their ability to learn," said Nina Kraus, PhD, a neurobiologist at the Northwestern University. "While more affluent students do better in school than children from lower income backgrounds, we are finding that musical training can alter the nervous system to create a better learner and help offset this academic gap."

How does music help a child learn better? According to researchers, musical training improves the brain's ability to process sounds. Children who learn music are better equipped to understand sounds in a noisy background. Improvements in neural networks also strengthen memory and learning skills.

For the study, scientists used two groups of children. One group was given music classes, while the other received Junior Reserve Officer’s Training Corps classes. Each group had comparable IQs at the beginning of the study.

The researchers recorded children's brain waves as they listened to repeated syllable against a soft background sound. The children were tested again after one year of music training/JROTC classes and again after a two-year study period. The team found that children's neural responses were strengthened after two years of music classes. The study shows that music training isn't a quick fix, but is a long-term approach to improve academic performance of children belonging to lower socioeconomic classes.

"We're spending millions of dollars on drugs to help kids focus and here we have a non-pharmacologic intervention that thousands of disadvantaged kids devote themselves to in their non-school hours-that works," Margaret Martin, founder of Harmony Project in Los Angeles, said in a news release. "Learning to make music appears to remodel our kids' brains in ways that facilitates and improves their ability to learn."

In other studies, music has also been shown to be effective in promoting better social behavior in teenage boys who have learning difficulties and poor social skills.

Unfortunately, because of budget cuts, many school districts have either cut back or completely eliminated music and arts programs. The loss of such a treasure in our school systems is tragic. Music not only “hath charms to soothe a savages beast,” but also to refresh and calm an anxious mind. It’s time we rethink the importance of music and the other arts programs in our schools. Fund them and bring them back – for all of our children’s sake.

The study was presented at the American Psychological Association's 122nd Annual Convention.

Source: Staff Reporter, http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/8472/20140809/music-training-improves-memory-reading-skills-children.htm

Your Child

Alarming Rise in Whooping Cough Cases

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Once thought to be under control, Whooping Couch is on the rise. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said Thursday that nearly 18,000 cases have been reported so far. That’s twice the number reported at this point last year. At this pace, the number for the entire year will be the highest since 1959, when 40,000 illnesses were reported.

Nine children have died, and health officials called on adults - especially pregnant women and those who spend time around children - to get a booster shot as soon as possible.

"My biggest concern is for the babies. They're the ones who get hit the hardest," said Mary Selecky, chief of the health department in Washington, one of the states with the biggest outbreaks. Washington and Wisconsin have reported more than 3,000 cases each, and high numbers have been seen in a number of other states, including New York, Minnesota and Arizona. Texas is also reporting a higher number of cases than normal.

Health investigators are trying to figure out what's going on, and theories include better detection and reporting of cases, some sort of evolution in the bacteria that cause the illness, or shortcomings in the vaccine.

The vaccine that had been given to young children for decades was replaced in the late 1990s following concerns about rashes, fevers and other side effects. While the new version is considered safer, it is possible it isn't as effective long term, said Dr. Anne Schuchat, who oversees the CDC's immunization and respiratory disease programs.

Whooping cough, or pertussis, is a highly contagious disease that can strike people of any age but is most dangerous to children. Its name comes from the sound children make as they gasp for breath.

Experts believe whooping cough occurs in cycles and peaks every three to five years. But they have been startled to see peaks this high. Vaccinations are supposed to tamp down the amount of infection in the population and make the valleys in the cycles longer, said Pejman Rohani, a University of Michigan researcher who is co-leader of a federally funded study of whooping cough trends.

The government recommends that children get vaccinated in five doses, with the first shot at age 2 months and the final one between 4 and 6 years. A booster shot is recommended around 11 or 12.

Vaccination rates for young children are good - about 84 percent of 3-year-olds have gotten the recommended number of shots. But fewer than 70 percent of adolescents have gotten all their shots. Most states require pertussis vaccinations for school attendance.

In a possible indicator of a problem with the vaccine, investigators in Washington state were alarmed to see high rates of whooping cough in youngsters around 13 and 14.

Whooping cough is spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Tiny droplets containing the bacteria move through the air, and the disease is easily spread from person to person. The infection usually lasts 6 weeks.

Symptoms are very similar to the common cold:

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Mild cough
  • Low-grade fever

After about 1 to 2 weeks, the dry, irritating cough evolves into coughing spells. During a coughing spell, which can last for more than a minute, the child may turn red or purple. At the end of a spell, the child may make a characteristic whooping sound when breathing in or may vomit. Between spells, the child usually feels well.

If you suspect your child has whooping cough, it’s very important that you take him or her to the doctor for testing.

Your child should be examined by a doctor if he or she has prolonged coughing spells, especially if these spells:

  • Make your child's skin or lips turn red, purple, or blue
  • Are followed by vomiting
  • Are accompanied by a whooping sound when your child breathes in after coughing
  • Is having difficulty breathing or seems to have brief periods of not breathing (apnea)
  • Is lethargic

The doctor will take a medical history, do a thorough physical exam, and take nose and throat mucus samples that will be examined and cultured for B. pertussis bacteria. Blood tests and a chest X-ray also might be done.

Whooping cough is often passed to children from adults. Keep a careful eye on your child if they’ve been around other children or adults who exhibit prolonged coughing spells.

Children get vaccinated against whooping cough in five doses, with the first shot at age 2 months and the final one between 4 and 6 years. Then a booster is recommended around age 11. The vaccine's protection does wane and health officials have debated moving up the booster shot.

The CDC is urging adults and especially pregnant women to get vaccinated so they don't spread it to infants who are too young to get the vaccine.

Sources:  http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_MED_WHOOPING_COUGH?SITE=AP&SEC...

http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/lung/whooping_cough.html

Your Child

Good Hygiene Reduces Colds

2.30 to read

As all parents know, kids get into everything. And where there is stuff to get into, there are germs. Teaching your child good personal hygiene early can help cut down on colds, infections and absenteeism at school.

Children spend a lot of their time with other children in daycare, and school. Their immune systems are weaker because they are not fully developed, so they end up getting sick more often than adults. Teaching good personal hygiene care not only can help boost your child’s immune system, but also help protect others from contagious illnesses.

A child’s self-value can also be affected if he or she go to school dirty or smelling bad. Kids can be very unkind towards other kids who are not clean. When children start the day with clean hair, body and clothes, playmates and caregivers often respond in a more positive manner.

The most optimal way to teach children good hygiene is to make it a family ritual.

When children are very young, parents and caregivers have to make sure that they are clean, but as they begin to walk and participate in family activities they can start to learn the basics.

Education.org offers these tips for developing good personal hygiene habits:

Hand washing: Good hand washing, practiced frequently, can reduce illness and remove dirt that may contain toxins such as lead. Unwashed or improperly washed hands are the primary carriers of infections. Young children need your guidance and reminders to wash their hands before they eat and after they toilet, play outdoors or handle animals. Set up your sink with a step stool so children can start washing their hands themselves. Use liquid soap and paper towels.

Nose blowing, coughing and sneezing: Nose blowing, cough and sneezing spread germs. Children can be taught to blow their noses (always with their mouth open), dispose of the tissue and then wash their hands. They can also be taught to sneeze or cough into tissue or into their elbow. Keep plenty of tissues on hand, and discourage nose picking.

Hair: Hair that which is clean (washed at least once or twice a week) and brushed makes it easier to detect head lice and scalp rashes. Early detection allows for early treatment and reduces the chance of disease or parasites spreading to other children.

Nails: Dirt and germs often hide under fingernails. Children scratch their genitals, put their hands in their diapers, pick their noses, scratch rashes, and put their hands in their mouths. Keeping children’s nails clipped and clean reduces the spread of germs to others.

Toys: If a child has a favorite toy or blanket that gets carried around constantly, it may be full of germs from many sources. Cloth toys and blankets should be laundered regularly; plastic toys should be run through the dishwasher or dipped in a bleach solution (one tbsp. of bleach in one quart of water) daily, then allowed to air dry.

Clothes: Clothes should be clean, comfortable and appropriate for the weather.

Oral Hygiene: Tooth brushing at least once per day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing prevent gum diseases and tooth decay by reducing the build-up of decay-causing plaque. Proper tooth brushing and flossing is a learned skill, improved by practice, and in the meantime children need help from their parents and childcare providers. Regular tooth brushing times during child care will help not only help protect children’s teeth but help them learn to brush and floss.

Bathing: Although it does not usually take place at childcare, regular bathing is important and allows a child’s entire body to be examined for signs of injury, rash or sores. 

Livestrong.com has a few more helpful suggestions for helping your child get into the good hygiene mode:

Buy hygiene products that make being clean and healthy fun. Find products such as fun-colored or flavored mouthwashes, toothpastes and soaps, or products that feature your child's favorite cartoon characters or animals. This way, your children are less likely to put up a fuss when it's time to clean up. Just be sure that the products actually work.

Use music as you teach your child about hygiene. Have your child sing the ABC song as she washes her hands, so she knows how long it takes to clean them thoroughly. You can buy a musical toothbrush, which encourages children to brush until the music stops.

Be vigilant in observing and correcting your child the first few times he does certain hygiene tasks. Do not him develop wrong habits. For example, teach girls to wipe themselves from front to back when they go to the bathroom, to prevent infections.

Use books or videos that make hygiene fun by using fun characters and stories that are at a level most children can understand.

Schools can also help teach children about hygiene.

A hand and respiratory hygiene program including frequent use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer helped reduce illness caused by influenza A, and reduced the number of missed school days in elementary school children, according to a study in the November issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

"Respiratory hygiene education and the regular use of hand sanitizer can be an important adjunct to influenza vaccination programs to reduce the number of influenza A infections among children," stated Samuel Stebbins of the University of Pittsburgh, author of the study.

The study went like this:

Five Pittsburgh elementary schools were assigned to receive a five-step training "cough etiquette and hand hygiene" program. In the program, called "WHACK the Flu," children were taught:

  • (W)ash or sanitize your hands often;
  • (H)ome is where you stay when you are sick;
  • (A)void touching your eyes, nose and mouth;
  • (C)over your coughs and sneezes; and
  • (K)eep your distance from sick people.

Another five schools received no special hygiene training. During the school year, children who developed a flu-like illness were tested to determine if they had influenza, and whether the cause was influenza A or B virus. In tests performed in 279 children with flu-like illness, 104 confirmed cases of influenza were identified.

The program was successful in getting kids to use hand sanitizer regularly. Average use was 2.4 times per day, compared with four recommended times (on arrival at school, before and after lunch, and when leaving school).

Schools assigned to "WHACK the Flu" had a significant 52% reduction in the rate of confirmed illness caused by influenza A.

Along with the decrease in influenza A, there was a 26% reduction in total school absences. The hygiene program also was linked to possible improvements in other school attendance measures, including a lower rate of absences during flu season.

The main lesson learned is that good hygiene promotes good health. Teaching your child the basics of taking proper care of themselves can help them begin a lifetime of  healthy  habits. 

Your Child

(4) Children's Product Recalls

Listed below are 4 children’s products that have been recalled by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission for safety reasons. Photos of each product are available at www.cpsc.gov Listed below are 4 children’s products that have been recalled by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission for safety reasons.

Photos of each product are available at www.cpsc.gov 1. Name of Product: Zoom Buggy Car and Dream Pillow Star educational toys Units: About 7,000 Zoom Buggy Cars and 300 Dream Pillow Stars were sold in the United States, 1300 Zoom Buggy Cars and 100 Dream Pillow Stars were sold in Canada Hazard: The wheels on the Zoom Buggy cars and plastic beads on the Dream Pillow Star can detach, posing a choking hazard to young children. Incidents/Injuries: Kindermusik International Inc. has received 15 reports of the wheels detaching from the Zoom Buggy Car and no incidents with the Dream Pillow Star. No injuries have been reported. Description: Zoom Buggy Cars have a wooden body with red and blue plastic wheels and a red handle. The recalled units have tracking labels on both the product and packaging with a date code of 201005 and a batch ID of APO18829 on the bottom of the cars. Dream Pillow Stars have a wooden star center with red plastic handles, yellow plastic center stars and red, blue and green plastic beads. The recalled units have tracking labels on both the product and packaging with a date code of 201005 and a batch ID of APO18829 on the bottom of the product. Sold exclusively through: Kindermusik Educators as part of Kindermusik At-Home-Materials from July 2010 through October 2010 for the Zoom Buggy Car and from September 2010 through October 2010 for the Dream Pillow Star for about $33.95. Also sold at Kindermusik classes and Kindermusik.com from August 2010 through October 2010 for about $10. Remedy: Consumers should stop using and discard the recalled items immediately and contact their Kindermusik Educator for a replacement.Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Kindermusik International at (800) 628-5687 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. ET Monday through Friday, visit the Kindermusik International website at 2. Name of Product: Ceramic piggy and lion banks Hazard: The yellow surface paint on the banks contains excessive levels of lead which is prohibited under federal law. Incidents/Injuries: None reported. Description: The recalled piggy bank is shaped like a pig and the body of the piggy bank is painted yellow with floral designs. The ceramic lion bank is shaped like a lion and is painted yellow with a brown mane. The banks measure about 4 inches in length, 2.5 inches in width, and 3.5 inches in height. Only yellow banks with black plastic stoppers in the bottoms of the banks are being recalled. Banks with white or translucent stoppers are not being recalled. Sold: Online at www.orientaltrading.com and www.funexpress.com and through Oriental Trading Company and Fun Express catalogs from February 2003 through September 2010 for between about $7 and $20 a dozen. Remedy: Consumers should immediately take these recalled ceramic banks away from children, discard them and contact Oriental Trading Company for information on receiving a refund  or credit. Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Oriental Trading Company at (800) 723-6155 anytime or visit the firm's website at 3. Name of Product: Silver Tree Tealight Candle Holders Distributor: Michaels Stores Inc., of Irving, Texas Hazard: The tealight cups are positioned where the flame from the candles can ignite other parts of the candle holder, posing fire and burn hazards to consumers. Incidents/Injuries: Michaels has received reports of six incidents including five fires and a consumer who received minor burns. Description: This recall involves silver-colored tealight candle holders in a shape of a Christmas tree. The candle holders are about 16-inches tall and have a silver star on the top. Nine tealight cups and clear plastic beads hang from the tree branches. Sold exclusively at: Michaels Arts & Craft stores nationwide from October 2010 through December 2010 for about $20. Remedy: Consumers should immediately stop using the recalled candle holders and return the product to any Michaels Arts & Craft store for a full refund.Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Michaels at (800) 642-4235 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. CT, Monday through Saturday, and 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. CT on Sunday, or visit the firm's website at 4.Name of Product: Classic Buggies Units: About 9,300. Consumers who participated in the October 2009 recall should also participate in this recall, because the initial repair did not adequately fix the hazard. Manufacturer: Bad Boy Enterprises LLC, of Natchez, Miss. This recall is being performed by BB Buggies Inc., which recently acquired certain assets of Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC. Hazard: The off-road vehicles can accelerate without warning, posing a risk of injury to the user and/or bystanders. Incidents/Injuries: Since the October 2009 recall announcement, BB Buggies has received 27 additional reports of unexpected acceleration, including reports of arm and leg fractures. Description: This expanded recall involves all Bad Boy Classic model off-road utility vehicles manufactured from early 2003 through May 2010. Bad Boy Buggy Classic models come in camouflage patterns, hunter green, red and black colors. The XT model is not included in this recall. Sold by: Authorized dealers nationwide from Spring 2003 through June 2010 for about $10,000. Remedy: Consumers should immediately stop using the buggies and contact their BB Buggies dealer to schedule a free repair. Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact BB Buggies toll-free at (855) 738-3711 between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. CT Monday through Friday, or visit the firm's Web site at www.badboybuggies.com To see this recall on CPSC's web site, including a picture of the recalled product, please go to: http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/prerel/prhtml11/11079.html

Your Child

Simple Steps Can Prevent a Poisoning at Home

The CDC just released a study confirming what many pediatricians had already know, most childhood poisonings are due to over doses or accidental ingestion of over the counter or prescription medicines found within the home. More than 71,000 children aged 18 and younger are seen in emergency rooms for unintentional overdoses. More than 2/3 of these are due to medications found within the home, more than double the rate of childhood poisonings caused by household cleaning products, plants etc.

Most of the medication overdoses occur among 2-year-olds, with one our of every180 2-year-olds being seen in an ER due to a medication overdose each year. This number does not account for the numerous phone calls to pediatrician’s offices or poison control centers that may prevent a trip to the ER. The most common medications that are accidentally ingested by children are acetaminophen (Tylenol), opioids, benzodiazepines, cough and cold medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (Advil and Motrin) and antidepressants. Even with current child safety caps very dexterous little fingers get the bottles opened and of course the first thing that a toddler will do is put anything and everything in their mouths. A child is often found sitting on the floor with pills all around them eating the medication better than they would any vegetable that was put in front of them. The evening is the most common time for poisoning to occur within in the home. The hours between 4 and 10 p.m. have been coined “the arsenic hour” by poison control centers. They receive the most phone calls during dinnertime, which is typically a busy time for all families. This is a wake up call for all parents. Medications need to be put up in a locked medicine cabinet. Even after taking a vitamin or Tylenol, the medication needs to have the top place firmly back on and the bottle should not be left on the counter but immediately returned to the medicine cabinet, under lock once again. This habit should begin once you have a new baby at home and continue throughout the uncategorized years. Teens have been found to abuse medications found within the home too. That is another story, another day. That’s your daily dose, we’ll chat again tomorrow.

Your Child

Girls’ Anti-Social Behavior Predictive of Later Depression

Anti-social behavior among young elementary school girls and increased anxiety in either boys or girls that age tend to predict whether they develop depression in adolescence.Anti-social behavior among young elementary school girls and increased anxiety in either boys or girls that age tend to predict whether they develop depression in adolescence, a new study shows. However, the report cautions that showing signs of depression in first or second grade did not mean adolescent depression was imminent. The report is published in The Journal of Early Adolescence.

"When all the risk factors were analyzed, anti-social behavior and anxiety were the most predictive of later depression. It just may be that they are more prevalent in the early elementary school years than depression," study lead author James Mazza, a University of Washington professor of educational psychology, said in a news release issued by his school. Researchers followed more than 800 predominately white children for seven years, starting when they were in first or second grade. Children, parents and teachers provided information that measured the students' level of depression, anxiety, anti-social behavior and social competency. Parents were also asked about family or marital conflict, family stress and parental depression. "One finding from this study that is a mind-grabber is that young children can identify themselves as being anxious and depressed," Mazza said. "When they had scores that were elevated, we were a bit surprised, because we thought they would say, 'My life is fun, and I play a lot.' Nevertheless, they are able to understand and report feeling depressed or anxious, and tell us so. This suggests giving health surveys in early elementary school is a good idea, and we should talk to kids in the first and second grades because they can give us valuable information."

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