Your Baby

Mom Slaps Baby On Flight

A mother slaps her baby on a flight and the flight attendant takes the away to console. Did the flight attendant act properly?There were a few tense moments on a Southwest Airlines flight this week.

According to witnesses on the flight from Dallas to Albuquerque, a mother slapped her crying baby’s face during the flight and a Southwest flight attendant took the baby away from the family to console the child. Southwest Airlines said “the family was visibly having some heated discussions.” The flight attendant returned the child to the parents just before the plane landed.  Police were waiting at the gate when the flight arrived and questioned the couple, flight attendant and witnesses.  The child was returned to the parents and they were neither cited nor charged. Did the flight attendant act properly?  What do you think?  How do you control a crying or fussy child on a flight? Let is know and leave your comments below!

Tags: 
Your Baby

Acetaminophen May Raise Asthma Risk

A new study shows infants who have been given acetaminophen may have a higher risk of developing asthma and eczema by the time they are six or seven.A new study out shows that infants who have been given the common pain reliever acetaminophen may have a higher risk of developing asthma and eczema by the time they are six or seven. The study of over 200-thousand children in 31 countries, published in the journal Lancet, found that acetaminophen use in the first year of life was associated with a 46 percent higher risk of asthma by the time the children were six or seven compared to those never exposed to the drug.

Medium use of acetaminophen in the past 12 months increased asthma risk by 61 percent, which high dosages of once a month or more in the past year raised the risk by three times. The study defined medium use as once per year or more but less than once a month. "Acetaminophen can reduce antioxidant levels and ...that can give oxidative stress in the lungs and cause asthma," says one of the researchers, Richard Beasley with the Medical Research Institute of New Zealand. Researchers emphasize that acetaminophen should remain the preferred drug to relieve pain and fever in children because one of the alternatives, aspirin, is linked to the risk of Reye's Syndrome, a rare but serious complication in children. "The findings do lend support to the current guidelines of the World Health Organization, which recommend that acetaminophen should not be used routinely, but should be reserved for children with a high fever" the researchers wrote.

Your Baby

May Conception at Higher Risk for Premature Birth

2.00 to read

Is there ever really a perfect time to start a family? If you’re in the planning stage or wanting to grow your family you might want to rule out the month of May for conception. 

Why May you ask? According to a recent study, children conceived in the month of May have a 10% higher risk of being born premature.

The study authors believe that may be a function of the expectant mother's increased exposure to the seasonal flu during January and February, exactly when a baby conceived in May is nearing term.  

"We were surprised that the relationship between potential flu exposure and premature birth appears to be so evident in the data," said study author Janet Currie, director of the Center for Health and Wellbeing at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. "There has been some recent work suggesting that flu can induce premature labor in women late in pregnancy, and our results appear to corroborate this."

Currie also added that if mothers-to-be received a flu shot they might not be at risk for premature labor due to flu infection.  While the study did provide an association between conception in the month of May and premature births, it did not prove a direct cause-and-effect.

To explore the potential impact of conception timing on infant health, the researchers analyzed data on roughly 647,000 mothers in the northeastern region of the United States. All the women had given birth to more than one child.

In addition to dates of birth and lengths of pregnancies, the data included information on maternal weight changes, race, education and smoking history.

The research team noted that by looking solely at the conception-to-birth experience of more than 1.4 million siblings (as opposed to non-related babies), they were able to compare apples to apples, and sidestep other complicating factors that might influence prematurity risk, such as a family's wealth or educational background.

The result: The authors identified a "sharp trough" in the length of pregnancies that began in May.

In addition to reviewing month-by-month conception records, researchers studied post-1997 influenza data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and found a correlation between May conceptions and a significant increase in flu exposure during the third trimester of those pregnancies.

If you’re thinking about conceiving in the summer months, the research team found that those babies tended to weigh little bit more at birth than babies conceived at other times of the year. In the world of newborn babies, even an ounce can make a positive difference in health.

"The birth weight results suggest that infants conceived during the summer have higher birth weight in part because mothers tend to gain more weight during pregnancy when they conceive in summer," Currie said. "It seems likely that this is because they have a better diet, though we cannot directly observe that in our data.”

"We cannot rule out other factors that might also be important for pregnancy outcomes," she said. "But we think the message of our paper is that parents should take steps to guard against known problems," suggesting that the most practical thing pregnant women can do is simply eat well and get a seasonal flu shot. "That would probably be a more sensible approach then trying to time conception to avoid May."

Too many mother’s-to-be avoid getting flu shots because they fear that the vaccine my cause their baby harm. Studies have shown that the vaccine is perfectly safe for pregnant women.

The take away from this study appears to be that if you’re planning on getting pregnant – make sure that you are protected from influenza infection by getting the flu vaccine.  If possible, you might want to avoid conceiving in the month of May, and if you want a little bigger baby- try for the summer months.

Source: Alan Mozes, http://www.webmd.com/baby/news/20130708/month-of-conception-might-raise-...

Your Baby

Gum Disease Treatment Safe For Pregnant Women

2.00 to read

Dentist have also been concerned that by aggressively treating gum disease patients with teeth cleaning, bacteria could get into the pregnant woman’s bloodstream causing harm to the baby. But those fears are baseless, the new study shows.Pregnant women can safely be treated for gum infections without having to worry about their baby's health, according to a new study.

{C}

Gum disease, caused by a bacterial infection that breaks down gum tissue and can cause tooth loss and serious health problems, is a particular problem during pregnancy. Hormonal changes appear to make a pregnant woman more susceptible to developing gum disease, yet the standard antibiotic-based therapy is not recommended because it stains the baby's teeth. Dentist have also been concerned that by aggressively treating gum disease patients with teeth cleaning, bacteria could get into the pregnant woman’s bloodstream causing harm to the baby. But those fears are baseless, the new study shows. "Women can be confident that it's not going to have clinically meaningful effects on their child's development," said Dr. Bryan Michalowicz, whose findings are published in the journal Pediatrics. Michalowicz, a dentist at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry in Minneapolis, and his colleagues tested more than 400 two-year-olds, who'd been born to mothers with gum disease. Half the mothers had been treated with aggressive teeth cleaning, called scaling and planning, during pregnancy, while the rest had not. The researchers found the kids did just as well on language, motor and mental tests regardless of whether their mothers had been treated. On the other hand, treatment didn't seem to benefit the kids either. That was the researchers' original hypothesis, because earlier studies have linked gum disease to developmental delays. "We asked the question, does treatment of periodontal disease in pregnant women improve child development?" said Michalowicz. "We found it doesn't." The researchers did find a slight increase in toddlers' test scores when the mothers' gum disease improved. But the effect was so small it doesn't have any practical consequences, they say. Nonetheless, he said, "As a dentist I think that improving oral health is a goal in its own right." Bad oral health in pregnant women has long been suspected as a link to miscarriages. A 2010 study published by the British journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, reveals the case of a 35 year-old woman who had the common gum disease gingivitis. She delivered a stillborn baby at 39 weeks and doctors were able to trace the oral bacteria in the mother’s mouth to bacteria found in the baby’s bloodstream, lungs and stomach. Scientists believe that any disruption to the amniotic fluid, the liquid that surrounds an unborn baby, could pose a risk to both mother and baby making the infection from gum disease a real risk. Dr. Marjorie Jeffcoat, a dentist at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia who wasn't involved in the Minnesota School of Dentistry study, said it couldn't rule out that treatment might benefit the baby in some cases. "You need to have a higher risk population in order to draw a conclusion," she told Reuters Health. "I wouldn't jump to the conclusion that we should let periodontal disease run rampant in pregnant women." But, she added, women should try to maintain good oral health in the first place. "They need to use a soft toothbrush and floss the right way," wrapping the floss around the tooth, she said. "The first goal with almost all dental disease is prevention, prevention, prevention.” The following guidelines were developed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, in response to the growing concern surrounding oral health during pregnancy: - Oral Health Education - Counseling and early intervention by healthcare providers such as physicians, nurses, and dentists to provide expectant mothers with the tools and resources necessary to understand the importance of oral health care during pregnancy. - Oral Hygiene - Removing the bacterial plaque, which researchers have connected to preterm birth and low birth-weight babies, is essential. Using the correct brushing and flossing methods greatly increase the amount of plaque that is removed from the teeth and gums. - Fluoride - The American Dental Association recommends the use of toothpaste with fluoride by persons over the age of six. Echoing their sentiment, the AAP oral health guidelines advise the continued use of fluoridated toothpaste during pregnancy, and recommends the use of an over-the-counter alcohol-free fluoride rinse to help reduce the amount of plaque in the mouth. - Nutrition - Educating expectant mothers about proper diet and nutrition during pregnancy will limit unnecessary sugar intake and in turn, prevent plaque build up. Talk with your dentist or pediatrician. - Treating Existing Tooth Decay - Expectant mothers are encouraged to have existing tooth decay treated during their pregnancy, which experts believe is a completely safe practice during pregnancy. Restoring decayed teeth will help achieve oral health by removing the bacteria associated with tooth decay. - Transmission of Bacteria - Expectant mothers are discouraged from sharing food and utensils in order to prevent the transmission of the bacteria known to cause tooth decay. - Use of Xylitol Gum - Expectant mothers are encouraged to chew Xylitol gum (four times a day) as research suggests that chewing this gum may decrease the rate of tooth decay in children.

Your Baby

Bacteria May Be Connected to Colic

A bacterium normally found in the mouth, skin and intestines might play a role in the cause of colic in babies, a new study says. Researchers found the bacterium Klebsiella along with gut inflammation in the intestines of all babies in their study who had colic, a condition characterized by uncontrollable crying.

"We believe that the bacterium may be sparking an inflammatory reaction, causing the gut inflammation," Dr. J. Marc Rhoads, a pediatrics professor at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston and the study's lead investigator, said. "Inflammation in the gut of colicky infants closely compared to levels in patients with inflammatory bowel disease." He said it is possible that colic could lead to other gastrointestinal conditions in later life, such as irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease. Colic, which causes an otherwise healthy your-baby to cry and scream often and for long periods without any noticeable reason, has no medically grounded treatment or known cause, although bottle-fed babies seem to get it more often than breast-fed infants research shows. The condition often disappears as suddenly as it presents itself. "Colic can be a dangerous situation for a your-baby," Rhoads said. "The parents' frustration over the crying can lead to maternal frustration, post-partum depression and even thoughts of harming the your-baby." The study, published online in the Journal of Pediatrics, included 36 babies, both breast- and bottle-fed. About half had colic. The researchers found that babies without colic had more types of bacteria in their intestines, a sign that certain types of bacteria are beneficial to people, Rhoads said. He said the researchers plan further study, involving adults as well as infants, on Klebsiella and on whether probiotics, a dietary supplement of so-called good bacteria, could control the gut inflammation in colicky babies.

Your Baby

Does Your Baby Need Water?

2.00 to read

Since most of the country is sweltering with summer heat and temperatures well into the upper 90’s and even over 100 degrees, I guess I can understand parents’ concerns about giving their babies water. It seemed like a strange question to me when I first started hearing, “Dr. Sue, how much water does my baby need to drink every day?”  I know I am continuing to talk about staying hydrated during the heat wave, but we are really talking about those children and adults who are spending time outdoors, especially when involved in physical activity.

I have actually been telling parents with newborns that there is really no reason to take that sweet new baby outside for any length of time. I think it is too hot to enjoy being outside, and an infant doesn’t miss going to the playground like a 2 or 3 year old would.

But, when you have young children you have to get out (or go crazy inside everyday), so everyone just suffers through the heat. Remember to take your sunscreen and fluids and head out for an hour or two, in the morning or later afternoon if at all possible. These children need lots of water breaks, as do their parents and caregivers.

So, back to the water and baby question. Infants in the first 6 months are getting fed breast milk or formula which is made up of free water, so therefore a baby is staying hydrated by eating every  2 -3 hours. A baby doesn’t “need” water every day for any particular reason.

With that being said, it does not mean that your baby cannot have a bottle of water. This is especially true for a breast fed infant whose mother may have run out for an hour but is coming back to breast feed.  But what if the baby awakens or gets hungry 30 min or so prior to mother getting home.  This might be a good time to “stall” by giving the baby a bottle of water, rather than formula. In this case it is fine to use tap water (yes bottled water is not necessary, unless you have a well or something) in a bottle and see if the baby will even take it. Most babies don’t just gulp down 8 ounces of water!

If you are out in the heat with an infant, just remember to feed them every 2 – 3 hours and make sure they have nice drool in their mouths and wet diapers. If you are concerned about hydration take along a bottle of water for both you and your baby. You will probably need it more than your baby!

That’s your daily dose for today.  We’ll chat again tomorrow.

Your Baby

Early Pacifier Use Linked to Shorter Breastfeeding

Mothers who want better success on breastfeeding their your-baby may want to hold off on giving their newborn a pacifier. That's the result of a new study by researchers in Denmark. Drs. Hanne Kronborg and Michael Vaeth of the University of Aarhus found that women who gave their your-baby a pacifier in the first few weeks of life were less likely to continue breastfeeding their babies.

Researchers had registered nurses specially trained in breastfeeding counseling visit nearly 600 mother-your-baby pairs. At the visit, the nurse observed the mother breastfeeding. After the first visit, which occurred an average of eight days after the babies left the hospital, half of the mothers were having difficulty breastfeeding, most frequently with positioning the your-baby or latching on. Correcting a mother's breastfeeding technique during the visit did not have any influence on duration of breastfeeding the researchers found. Nearly two-thirds of the women reported giving their your-baby a pacifier. Pacifier use was associated with a shorter duration of breastfeeding, independent of breastfeeding technique. Use of the pacifier "should be avoided in the first weeks after birth by mothers who want to breastfeed," the researchers concluded. The study was published in the March 2009 issue of the medical journal Birth.

Your Baby

Recall: PeaPod and PeaPod Plus Travel Kits

1.45 to read

KidCo Inc. in cooperation with The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is voluntarily recalling 220,000 of its PeaPod and PeaPod Plus travel beds due to possible suffocation and entrapment risks for children.

Officials say infants and young children can roll off the edge of the inflatable air mattress and become entrapped between the mattress and fabric sides of the tent, and suffocate.

The CPSC says it is aware of one 5-month-old boy who died in December 2011 in New York City after he was found with his face pressed against the side-wall of a PeaPod travel tent bed. The cause of death was not determined.

The CPSC is also aware of six reports of children who have become entrapped or experienced physical distress in the product. Two of the six reports included infants who were found crying underneath the mattress when it had not been inserted into the zippered pocket in the bottom of the tent.

In addition, Health Canada says it received three reports of children rolling over and becoming trapped between the mattress and sides of the PeaPod travel bed.

Travel Beds Recalled

The KidCo PeaPod Travel Beds and PeaPod Plus Travel Beds are small, portable tents marketed for use by infants from birth to over age 3, depending on the model.

The tents have a zippered side for putting in and taking out the child and an inflatable air mattress that fits into a zippered pocket at the floor of the tent. The travel beds fold into a compact round shape and come with a fabric bag for storage and travel.

The following models and corresponding tent colors are included in the recall:

  • P100 Teal
  • P101 Red
  • P102 Lime
  • P103 Periwinkle
  • P104 Ocean
  • P201 Princess/Red
  • P202 Camouflage
  • P203 Quick Silver
  • P204 Sagebrush
  • P205 Cardinal
  • P900CS Green

You can find the model number on a small tag on the underside of the product.

The travel beds were sold nationwide between January 2005 and 2012 for between $70 and $100.

Owners of KidCo travel beds should stop using the tents immediately and contact KidCo to get a free repair kit on KidCo's web site or by calling toll-free at (855) 847-8600.

Libertyville, Ill.-based KidCo says the repair kit includes a thinner replacement mattress and braces to strengthen the sides of the tent. The kits will be mailed out starting in mid-December.

Source: http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/prerel/prhtml13/13043.html

http://www.webmd.com/parenting/news/20121116/childrens-peapod-travel-beds-recalled

PeaPod Plus travel bed

Peapod Travel Bed (red)

 PeaPod Travel Bed (green) with Inflatable Air Mattress

Your Baby

Moms-to-be Need Folic Acid

1.45 to read

One of the best ways to have a healthy baby is to take good care of your own health.  Folic acid has been shown to help prevent certain birth defects, but now a new study suggests when a woman takes it in the first two months of pregnancy; her child may be less likely to have severe language delays.

Folic acid is a B vitamin (B9) found mostly in leafy green vegetables like kale and spinach, orange juice, and enriched grains.  It’s also available as a supplement.

American companies often add folic acid to their grains to help make sure that pregnant women are getting enough of the B vitamin.

“We don’t think people should change their behavior based on these findings,” said Dr. Ezra Susser from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health in New York, who worked on the study.

“But it does add weight to the public health recommendation to take folic acid early in pregnancy,” he told Reuters Health.

And, he added, it shows that “what you do during pregnancy… is not only important for birth but also for subsequent development".

The study took place in Norway, where 40,000 women – a few months into their pregnancy- were surveyed on what supplements they were taking in the four weeks before they got pregnant and eight weeks after conception.

When their children were three years old, Susser and his colleagues asked the same women about their kids’ language skills, including how many words they could string together in a phrase.

Toddlers who could only say one word at a time or who had “unintelligible utterances” were considered to have severe language delay. In total, about one in 200 kids fit into that category.

Four out of 1,000 kids born to women who took folic acid alone or combined with other vitamins had severe language delays. That compared to nine out of 1,000 kids whose moms didn’t take folic acid before and during early pregnancy.

The pattern remained after Susser’s team took into account other factors that were linked to both folic acid supplementation and language skills, such as a mom’s weight and education, and whether or not she was married.

The study can’t prove that folic acid, itself, prevents language delay, they wrote in the Journal of the American Medical Association. But Susser said the vitamin is known to affect the growth of neurons and could influence how proteins are made from certain genes.

“The recommendation worldwide is that women should be on folate (folic acid) supplements through all their reproductive years,” Susser said.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all women of childbearing age — and especially those who are planning a pregnancy — consume about 400 micrograms (0.4 milligrams) of folic acid every day. Adequate folic acid intake is very important before conception and at least 3 months afterward to potentially reduce the risk of having a fetus with a neural tube defect.

You can boost your intake by looking for breakfast cereals, breads, pastas, and rice containing 100% of the recommended daily folic acid allowance. But for most women, eating fortified foods isn’t enough. To reach the recommended daily level, you’ll probably need a vitamin supplement.

Pages

Please fill in your e-mail address to be included in our newsletter.
You may opt out at any time.